What is MRSA?
This is an infection caused by “Staph” bacteria, which is resistant to many broad-spectrum antibiotics. Prior to the mid-1990’s MRSA was primarily just seen in the hospital setting. MRSA can be transmitted by direct skin to skin contact with infected persons or contaminated surfaces. The bacteria has a long life span and can live up to 9 weeks on a cotton towel, 203 days on a blanket, 8 weeks on a mop head, and 7 months on dust!!!
Today, it is especially important to practice good hygiene and cleanliness, since healthcare providers are seeing a growing number of MRSA infections in the general population. MRSA generally begins as a small red bump that turns into a painful abscess. Patients are diagnosed with MRSA after a culture is taken at a doctor’s office.
There are various ways MRSA infections can be treated, and the proper precautions should be taken to reduce bacterial spread to other individuals.
MRSA Treatment Options
- Incision and drainage (I &D) of the abscess and/or antibiotic therapy.
- Topical Mupirocin Ointment applied to the inside of the nose twice daily for the first five days of each month.
- 4 % Chlorhexidine Soap applied to the whole body for 5 days
- Clindamycin 300 mg PO TID
- Bactrim (Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole) 1 DS tablet BID
- Tetracylcline: Minocycline or Doxycycline 100 mg PO BID. Be sure to take medication either 1 hour before OR 2 hours after meal
- Linezolid 600 mg PO BID
- Rifampin 300 mg PO BID
1) Hand Washing throughout the day with soap and water or alcohol hand gel is extremely important
2) Diluted Bleach Soak: ¼ cup bleach added to each ¼ bath tub filled up. Twice a week for 3 months
3) Avoid sharing utensils or cups
4) Avoid sharing unwashed towels, washcloths, and clothing
5) Avoid sharing personal items such as deodorant, razors, and soap
6) Wash bed linens and pajamas regularly
7) Wash clothes in hot water with detergent, and dry in the dryer
8) Shower with soap daily
9) Keep any cuts covered with clean, dry bandages
1) Clean countertops and exposed surfaces with an all-purpose cleaner or a bleach preparation.
2) Ensure areas such as light switches, doorknobs, faucet hands, and other high touch areas are cleaned daily
3) Use antibacterial wipes while out to clean off shopping cart/door handles, and public toilets